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NimG1H013028
NamamhsATIKAH ROFIADHA
Judul ArtikelHUBUNGAN AKTIVITAS FISIK, ASUPAN ZAT GIZI MAKRO, DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN SINDROM PRAMENSTRUASI PADA MAHASISWI ANGGOTA UKM OLAHRAGA
AbstrakLATAR BELAKANG: Sebanyak 80-90% wanita usia produktif di Indonesia mengalami gejala sindrom pramenstruasi (PMS) mulai dari ringan sampai berat dan terkadang dapat mengganggu kegiatan sehari-hari. Sindrom pramenstruasi tersebut disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor, diantaranya adalah tingkat asupan zat gizi, status gizi, dan aktivitas fisik/olahraga. TUJUAN: Mengetahui hubungan antara aktivitas fisik, asupan zat gizi makro, dan status gizi dengan sindrom pramenstruasi pada mahasiswi anggota UKM Olahraga Fakultas di Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. METODOLOGI PENELITIAN: Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sebanyak 40 responden diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Pengambilan data menggunakan form keluhan sindrom pramenstruasi, pengukuran antropometri, form recall aktivitas fisik 2 x 24 jam, dan form food recall 2 x 24 jam dengan alat bantu food picture. HASIL: Berdasarkan uji Chi-Square menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara asupan lemak (p=0,011), asupan karbohidrat (p=0,020), dan status gizi (p=0,033) dengan sindrom pramenstruasi, sedangkan aktivitas fisik (p=0,645), asupan energi (p=0,055), dan asupan protein (p=0,226) tidak memiliki hubungan dengan sindrom pramenstruasi. KESIMPULAN: Asupan lemak, asupan karbohidrat, dan status gizi berhubungan dengan sindrom pramenstruasi.
Abstrak (Inggris)BACKGROUND: As many as 80-90% productiveË—aged women in Indonesia are experiencing light to severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and sometimes it could interfere their daily activities. Premenstrual syndrome is caused by some factors, among them are nutrient level intake, nutritional status, and physical/sport activity. AIM: To determine the correlation between physical activity, macronutrient intake, and nutritional status with premenstrual syndrome on female college members of students sport activity unit in Jenderal Soedirman University. METHODS: This is an analytic observational research with cross sectional approach. As many as 40 female sport players were obtained as respondents using purposive sampling technique. The instruments used to collect data are premenstrual syndrome form, antropometric tools for measuring body weight and height, 24-hour activity recall form, 24-hour food recall form, and food picture. RESULTS: Statistical test using Chi-Square showed that there are correlations between fat intake (p=0,011), carbohydrate intake (p=0,020), and nutritional status (p=0,033) with premenstrual syndrome, whereas physical activity (p=0,645), energy intake (p=0,055), and protein intake (p=0,226) do not have correlation with premenstrual syndrome. CONCLUSION: Fat intake, carbohydrate intake, and nurtitional status have correlation with premenstrual syndrome.
Kata KunciSindrom Pramenstruasi, PMS, Aktivitas Fisik, Status Gizi, Asupan Zat Gizi Makro
Nama Pembimbing 1dr. Susiana Candrawati, Sp.KO
Nama Pembimbing 2Dr. Ir. V. Prihananto, M.Si
Tahun2018
Jml halaman9
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